What is asthma? – Asthma in children

Asthma is one of the most common causes of shortness of breath and can affect young children. However, proper care and medical assistance can ensure a healthy lifestyle for your child. We will discuss the different causes and symptoms of asthma and the various treatment options available for it.

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder due to its high sensitivity to respiratory allergens and stimulants. Asthma can be caused by the body’s immune response to substances (pollen, dust, smoke from tobacco products, etc.). Therefore, there is a strong link between asthma and allergies. It is often found that people who have asthma, Their airways become highly sensitive, and even mild stimulants or allergens cause different reactions in their airways.

The trachea is much smaller than that of older children. Viral or fungal infections easily block the small airways, and mucus or the airways become tight and cause respiratory problems. Thus, asthma in children under 12 months of age can be severe Can cause problems.

How common is it with children?

Asthma can affect about 10-12% of children, and this figure is growing. The first asthma symptoms in a child are usually around five years of age, but they do not go away until they are older. One of the leading causes of the disease is asthma.

What causes asthma in children?

The exact cause of asthma is not known, but it may be due to one of the following:

Allergic asthma

The cause of allergic-based asthma is diplomatic immunity. If a child has allergic asthma, he or she may be susceptible to specific allergens. The sources of all these allergens may vary from one child to another. Some familiar sources are pollen, dust, pet hair, or saliva.

Non-allergic asthma

Asthma or asthma can be caused by other factors besides allergies, including family history (genetic factors) or a respiratory infection.

What are the symptoms of asthma in children?

New parents often worry about how they will know if their child has asthma. The answer is to look for its symptoms. Here are some of the symptoms of asthma in children:

Type of rapid breathing: If your baby has asthma, you may have noticed some changes in his breathing patterns. The regular breathing pattern of a three-month-old baby is 30-60 breaths per minute. This breathing pattern varies from three months. Yes, and it happens about 20-40 times per minute. However, in a child with asthma, his breathing may increase by about 50% per minute.

Hard breathing: You may have noticed your baby struggling to breathe correctly and have rapid abdominal movements and is also a visible symptom of an enlarged nostril.

Coughing profusely: You may have noticed your child coughing uncontrollably. This coughing tendency may become more towards the end of the evening or at night

Whistling sound: Children with asthma will continue to have a wheezing sound during breathing. This whistling sound is for difficult breathing.

Problems eating: A child with asthma can have problems eating. It is caused by breathing problems.

Weariness and Alicia: If your child has asthma, you may find it less effective than usual.

The faint sound of crying: Crying in children with asthma is either faint, or their cries are much weaker, weaker, and soft than normal babies.

Learn about Asthma emergencies

Asthma attacks can be mild, moderate, or severe. Mild asthma attacks can make a child feel normal and function well. However, moderate or severe asthma attacks can cause your child to have the following symptoms:

  • Increased respiratory rate (more than 40 times per minute during sleep).
  • The chest became larger.
  • Changes in skin color (bluish or pale around lips and nails)
  • Gentle and faint crying
  • The nostrils became dilated.
  • Stops eating or sucking

In the event that you notice any of the above signs and side effects in your infant, deal with it in the correct way.

Which children have the highest risk of asthma?

Allergies: If your child is allergic to airborne substances such as dust, pollen, plant fibers, fungi, and fungus seeds, then your child has a higher chance of developing asthma. When one of these allergens is inhaled, its immune system begins to work very fast. This results in inflammation of the airways and rapid accumulation of mucus which increases the incidence of asthma.

If it exists in someone in the family: In most cases, asthma is hereditary, and if a parent has asthma, the child is more likely to have it. If you have a close relative, your child may have asthma again.

Eczema: There is additionally logical proof behind the connection between dermatitis and asthma. This implies that similar freak qualities bring about the two issues.

A high number of eosinophils: If your child has an allergic tendency, the number of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in them may increase. If your child has more than four percent eosinophils in their blood and saliva, it can lead to asthma.

Food allergies: Asthma from food allergies isn’t exceptional. In any case, certain food sources can make your youngster create asthma.

Treatments for Asthma in Children

There is no cure for asthma. Medications and treatments can only help control the symptoms of the disease. There are a number of ways in which your child can be given medications for asthma, such as:

  • Nebulizer
  • Dry-powder inhaler (DPI)
  • Injection
  • Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)

What’s more, in the event that you are searching for a medication, you should realize that there are normally three kinds of asthma prescriptions, which are as per the following:

Long-term control Medicine

As the name suggests, these drugs may need to be used by children for a long time to prevent asthma symptoms. Depending on the severity of your child, your doctor will decide how long your child will need them.

Quick soothing medication

These medications provide rapid relief from shortness of breath, wheezing, and stiffening of the chest muscles. MDI or intravenous injections can administer these medications. They provide immediate relief from asthma symptoms but may not provide long-term benefits.

Allergy induced asthma medications

If the main culprit in an asthma attack is allergic substances, your doctor will suggest a different medication course. Allergic asthma medications work in conjunction with rapid relief and long-term asthma medications.

What can be done to reduce the symptoms of asthma?

As a parent, you may be thinking about how to prevent your child’s asthma or what measures you need to take to reduce your child’s asthma symptoms. Don’t worry, and there are some possible ways to solve your problem:

  • Keep your child away from responsible factors (tobacco smoke, toxic black smoke from vehicles, etc.) that cause this problem.
  • Keep your baby’s room clean and dust-free.
  • Avoid foods that can cause allergies.
  • Use an air purifier and humidifier if necessary.
  • Keep your baby away from pets.
  • Give your baby only washable toys and wash them at least once a week.

All of the above can help reduce the symptoms of asthma. However, the moment you notice any asthma symptoms in your child, take him or her to a doctor for immediate medical attention.

How to manage asthma in children?

Asthma is not only painful for children, but it is also difficult for parents. Here are some ways you can try to control your child’s asthma:

  • Try to understand better and notice the emergency signs of your child’s asthma. Knowing your child’s type of asthma will help you deal with it better.
  • It is essential to plan with your doctor to take care of this in case of an emergency.
  • Stick to your baby care plan and maintain it properly and talk to your doctor about it regularly.
  • Teach your little one who is staggering or your very young child who has not yet been admitted to the school to tell or let you know if the body never feels perfect.

Is asthma curable?

Asthma is a chronic condition that can affect your baby for a long time. There is no cure for asthma; However, in some children, asthma incidence decreases as they get older. It has been found that 50% of children recover from the onset of asthma as soon as they reach adolescence or puberty.

Parents need to understand that asthma cannot impede a child’s good growth and development if proper care is taken. Get appropriate medical help and guidance to deal with this long-term disorder in your child.

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