What is the Cause of Eczema in children?

Eczema is a common problem in young children and infants. About one-fifth of the world’s children under the age of five suffer from some form of eczema. It is a skin disease characterized by rash and itching which can be very uncomfortable. This article will help you understand eczema, its causes, symptoms, and treatment methods.

What is eczema?

Eczema or dermatitis is a type of skin disease that results from inflammation of the skin. It affects about 250 million people worldwide each year. However, it is not contagious, so there is no risk for your child to have as much physical contact. 

The most common forms of eczema are known as atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis. Here, emphasis is placed on atopic dermatitis, which affects mostly children.

How common Eczema in children?

Eczema is more common in very young children, but it can also occur in adolescents and older people. About seventy percent of all patients will experience this condition before the age of one year and twenty-five percent more by the age of five. One of the reasons for this is the tendency towards shortness of breath, fever, asthma, and other allergic diseases.

Causes of eczema in children

The exact causes of eczema are unknown, but there are a few things that can make it worse:

Genetic condition: If parents or other family members have eczema or other skin conditions, babies are more likely to have it.

Environmental factors: Eczema can be aggravated by heat, smoke, dust, cold, humidity, and many more.

Stress: Studies have shown that stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms show a positive correlation with eczema flares.

Allergic substances: Allergic reactions and growing eczema can occur from things like flower pollen, certain foods, chemical ingredients in creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. It has been found that about forty percent of children with eczema are allergic to certain foods or other things.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of eczema in children change over time, sometimes extreme, sometimes mild and never:

  • The most common symptoms are red or brown, dry, thick, and scaly skin. These may occasionally consist of a combination of dense red boils, which contain liquids.
  • In children, rashes appear on the face and scalp, but in children, they appear on the back of the elbows and knees.
  • These rashes are extremely itchy, causing the child to constantly scratch them. It can darken the affected skin or color.

Treatment for eczema

eczema remedies are recommended to make children more comfortable. Specific medications and doses can control the severity and spread of eczema and should only be applied under a doctor’s direction.

Topical Steroid Ointment

The most recommended eczema cream for children is hydrocortisone, a corticosteroid that helps relieve persistent itching. Please be careful when applying this cream, as applying it in excess can make the skin thinner.

Oral antihistamine drugs

These are available in tablet form and can soothe rashes and itching, especially if caused by an allergen.

Oral steroids

As with the topic, these are great for older kids. However, these are rarely recommended for young children, as they can create serious health complications in them.


These are broad-spectrum antibiotics, usually prescribed if a minor infection develops.

Home Remedies

In addition to working with steroid creams and antihistamines, there are various natural remedies for eczema in children. However, please consult your doctor before applying any of the following methods to treat your child.


Turmeric is antibacterial and has been used for skin problems for thousands of years. Simply apply turmeric paste directly on the rashes, or mix milk, coconut oil, or rose water before use.


Yogurt is healthy for the skin, especially due to the presence of lactic acid, it is a very mild exfoliant that can soothe the skin. , yogurt contains healthy or probiotic bacteria that are known to prevent the spread of harmful bacteria.


Oats are rich in Vitamin E, an essential ingredient for healthy skin. They contain a whole lot of powerful antioxidants like vitamins and minerals that are great for the skin. Use a paste made with oat powder mixed with honey or yogurt.

Vegetable oil

Moisturizing dry skin is one way to soothe eczema rash. Several herbal oils are available for this purpose. These include linseed oil, jojoba oil, olive oil, etc. Some essential oils are also helpful, but they should be diluted with a base oil before use.


Grape seeds have anti-inflammatory and antipathogenic properties that help soothe rashes as well as itching sensations. You can grind them, mix them with yogurt and apply the paste to the rashes.

Sandalwood paste

Another ancient skin care method, applying sandalwood paste to eczema has a calming effect on irritated skin. For application, you can make a mixture of powdered sandalwood with rose water.

Sea salt

Add sea salt to mild-warm water, then spray the solution on the rashes to soothe dry skin. You can also use a cotton ball to rub the mixture on the skin. Salt is also useful in disinfecting any wound or cut.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is universally a choice for its healing properties. Mix a little aloe vera powder or paste with honey and apply on the rash.

How long does Eczema last in children?

Symptoms of eczema can occur as your children get older. It usually resolves on its own by the age of four, but can sometimes go on for a lifetime.

Is there any food that causes eczema in the baby?

Some foods make the symptoms of eczema worse. These include milk, eggs, shellfish, soy, gluten, wheat, and peanuts. If your child has eczema, try different foods to specify the foods that are causing the allergy. If necessary, switch to hypoallergenic formula milk for the baby. Moreover, studies have shown that pregnant women who consume large amounts of vegetable oil are more likely to have eczema in their babies. Plan an eczema diet for children that avoids any potentially allergenic foods.

What should you do if your child’s rash is not good?

The first step is to consult your child’s pediatrician. If the prescribed medication does not work, the doctor may recommend a stronger dose. It is important to let your doctor know if you have any strange symptoms like fever, infection, rash, crusty skin, etc.

Read More; What Does Eczema Look Like?

How to prevent your child’s eczema?

There are several ways to reduce the risk of eczema. Here are some of them:

  • Make sure you don’t let your child touch his rash. This can make the condition worse and potentially lead to a dangerous infection.
  • Keep your little one away from potentially annoying things like dust, animal fur, scented soaps and shampoos, rough clothes, etc.
  • Avoid allergenic triggers such as certain foods, flower pollen, etc.
  • Gently moisturize your baby with fragrance lotion or cream.
  • Do not bathe your baby in hot water above room temperature, as this can make the rash worse.
  • Help your child stay calm and relaxed by relieving stress in their environment.
  • Keep away from excess heat, which can exacerbate eczema, especially if they are sweating.

Things to keep in mind

There are a few things you as a parent should do to help your child deal with this problem and lead a comfortable life:

  • Make sure they have a high level of personal hygiene. Bathe them regularly and change their clothes at least twice a day.
  • Keep their nails short, so that they do less damage to their skin when itching.
  • You can keep their minds off irritation by distracting them in other ways. Gently massage their face, back, and legs to help them fall asleep.
  • Apply a wet cold washcloth or an ice pack wrapped in a cold handkerchief to relieve itching.
  • Cover itchy skin with loose clothing made of fabrics such as pure cotton or blends. Avoid silk and synthetic materials.

In addition to all these precautions, it is very important to feed your child a balanced diet consisting of green vegetables, brightly colored fruits, some nuts, whole grain cereals, etc. With the support and care your eczema-affected child will be able to lead a comfortable healthy life, no worries.

1 thought on “What is the Cause of Eczema in children?”

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